Skincare is not only about just cleansing, toning, and moisturizing. Using branded skin care products will also not help you to get healthier-looking skin. And the worst thing that you can do is get suggestions from your friends, cousins and someone else.
Your skin type and requirement will vary from your friend, so in case any product works wonders for her, it might not work for you the same way. In addition to this, the ingredients that the product has might also not suit your skin type.
Whenever you select any product the first thing that you should know is the skin type that you have, whether it is sry, or oily, or sensitive, or combination. Along with that you also determine the skin issue that you are facing, such as acne, blemishes, hyperpigmentation, signs of aging or anything else.
Once you get the idea about all these things, the next thing that you should consider is the ingredients that any skin care product has. But in most cases the dermatologic products are totally safe for your skin.
Skincare Active Ingredients
As I have mentioned earlier, to choose the right skin care products you need to know the ingredients that the product has. On the basis of the type and brand of the products the ingredients usually vary.
But at the same time there are some active ingredients that are quite common in most of the skin care products. So, let’s have a look at them.
Retinoids, Retinol, And Retin-A
Retinoids are a class of skincare ingredients, which promote collagen production, skin cell renewal, and skin cell production. Vitamin A helps to keep skin healthy and firmer. The over-the-counter version in a much lower concentration of vitamin A is called retinol.
Retin A or tretinoin is the higher-prescription version of retinoids that is usually prescribed by doctors. Retinoids are a strong, active ingredient in general. And while using it, you need to be a bit cautious.
Niacinamide is a derivative of Vitamin B3, which helps in the reduction of inflation and redness from several conditions like eczema and acne. It also helps our skin to minimize enlarged pores, retain moisture, improve skin texture, and soften fine lines.
Niacinamide is an active ingredient, which does not cause any irritation and also goes with almost every skin type.
Another very popular active skincare ingredient is Vitamin C. It helps even out and brightens skin tone, reduces the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, and also diminishes dark spots and scars. These potent antioxidants protect the skin against free radicals and pollution.
You can get vitamin C serums really easily, and that is a really popular skincare product and facial treatment every girl needs to know in order to know if you have any sensitivities or not, start with applying once or twice a week.
Alpha Hydroxy Acids
These naturally occurring acids are usually found in milk, sugar, and sugary fruits. All these are used as the source of active ingredients in skincare. As AHAs are water-loving molecules, this ingredient offers skin plumping and hydrating benefits.
The most important thing that you should know is AHAs work on the surface of the skin. So it makes skin sensitive to the sun, and thus an SPF is always needed with it.
Beta Hydroxy Acids
After AHAs, here comes the BHAs, which are oil-loving molecules. It penetrates deeper into pores in order to dissolve blackheads, dead skin cells, and excess sebum. BHAs also has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory benefits.
So, in case your skin is oily and acne-prone, this one is the proper suit for your skincare routine. And the plus point is that it also does not make skin sensitive to the sun.
Sun Protection Factor
UVA and UVB rays that reach the surface of the earth with sun rays can cause some serious damage to our skin. We all know how UVB is responsible for skin cancer and sunburns. They are also responsible for causing wrinkles, fine lines, and dark spots.
SPF or sun protection factor is to block those sunrays. There are two types of SPF, one that works as a barrier between skin and the ultra-violet rays and another one that absorbs the harmful rays so that the skin can not absorb them. Using SPF 30 to 50 is recommended for better protection.
The ingredients of skin care products come in a huge list. All 6 ingredients that I have mentioned here offer the most benefit. The list also has PHAs, or Polyhydroxy Acids, Hyaluronic acid, and many more.