Karachi is the capital city of the Sindh province of Pakistan. It carries the largest population in Pakistan, approximately 16, 093, 786 residents. The heart of transport in Sindh Province lies in Karachi city since it hosts the largest Seaports in Pakistan, Port Karachi, and Port Bin Qasim. It also hosts Jinnah International Airport, which is the busiest airport in Pakistan. Pakistan takes the pride of Karachi as the Largest city and Twelfth among the largest cities in the world. Karachi is also the first industrial and financial Centre. Crime rates were high and led to the ranking of this city as the sixth most dangerous worldwide in 2014. Today crime rates have dropped, making the city rank at 115 in the world.
Geography of Karachi city
Karachi city lies to the south of Pakistan in Sindh Province and is located along a natural harbor on the Arabian Sea. The town is characterized by Mangrove forests along the dock and in the South East, where the Indus River Delta joins the Arabian Sea. The West region of Karachi is referred to as Cape Monze or Ras Muari and is made up of sea cliffs, rocky sandstone promontories, and sandstones. Khasa Hills and Mulri Hills are part of the sizable Kirthar Range to the northwest of Karachi City. The hills are 528M(1,732feet) high. The hills are separated by vast coastal plains characterized by dry river beds and water channels. Malir River and Lyari river are seasonal rivers that flow from the North East to the Centre of the city and are essential in Preventing floods by draining excess water to the Arabian sea. The town is, however, prone to earthquakes since it is found on a primary fault line. It is located at the meeting point of the Indian tectonic plate and the Arabian Tectonic plate.
Climate of Karachi
Karachi experiences a moderate desert climate. Since Karachi sits on a coastal plain, sea breezes regulate the temperature, lowering the high temperature. Karachi mainly experiences two seasons in a year, summer and winter. Summer lasts for 3-4 months from 1st April to 13th July. During summer, temperatures shoot up to 360c, and on average, temperatures are 390c and 290c when lowest. Winter lasts from 17th December to 12th February with an average temperature of 260c and as low as 10.40c. January is the most fantastic month that Karachi city experiences. Spring and Autumn are short seasons and are also characterized by high temperatures. High temperatures make Karachi a suitable city for swimming and conducting water activities.
The People of Karachi
Residents of Karachi are called Karachiites locally. Karachiites are comprised of ethnic groups from the entire Pakistan and Migrants from South Asia. Other immigrants living in Karachi include Afghans, Bengalis, Chinese, Africans, Indians, and Filipinos. Various religions are well represented in the city, including Muslims, Hindus, Sikh community, Goan Catholics, and Anglo-Indians. Other faiths include Buddhists, Parsis, Baha’is, and Jews.
Karachi is the financial and economic Capital of Pakistan. It provides employment and business opportunities causing the city to be overpopulated with multicultural groups. The city contributes 42% GDP,70% income tax, and 62% Sales Tax Revenue to the economy of Pakistan. The city also donates 50% to the Federal Board of Revenue. Karachi is well known for Value addition in large-scale manufacturing.
Karachi hosts several manufacturing companies. The companies include textile, cement, steel, heavy machinery, chemicals, and food products. 30% of Pakistan manufacturers are found in Karachi, resulting in 42% value-added tax in large-scale manufacturing. 63% of Karachiites work in the trade and manufacturing sectors. In Karachi, joint industrial estates include Karachi Export Processing Zone, SITE, Korangi, Northern Bypass Industrial ZoneBin Qasim, and North Karachi Industrial zone. Karachi Expo Centre boosts the city economy by hosting regional and international exhibitions.
Finance and Banking
Chandigarh Road, or Pakistan’s wall street in Karachi, is the headquarters of most public and private banks. It also hosts Multinational foreign corporations as well as Pakistan’s Stock exchange.
Cable networks are well established in Karachi, leading to improved ICT, and electronic media. Several Television and radio stations are based in the city.
The transport system is well developed to connect Karachi City to the rest of Pakistan and make it easily accessible. The primary means of transport are roads, rail, Air and Sea. Karachi has a 9500km road that serves 3.1 million vehicles per day. The roads have signal-free corridors that allow vehicles to travel large distances without stopping at intersections or stop lights. The rail connects Karachi to the other provinces of Pakistan. Major railway stations are Karachi Cantonment Railways and Karachi City station. Air transport is made easy by Jinnah International Airport in Pakistan. It is crucial to seek cheaper flights to lower your airfares. Find the best deal for Dubai to Karachi flights on cleartrip flights. You can use coupon code –FLIGHTS and get amazing discounts on the flights from Karachi. Sea transport via the port of Karachi and Port Qasim facilitates shipping cargo to and from foreign ports.
Administration of the city
Karachi city has a devolved civic government. The administration is divided into six Municipal district corporations, including Karachi West, Karachi East, Karachi Central, Karachi South, Malir, and Korangi. Each district Municipal is further divided into 22-42 union committees. Seven elected reps represent each union committee, four being general candidates and three from the minority groups. The minority groups include women, religious, union reps, or peasant farmers. The city is also administered by six cantonments which are under the Pakistan military. Cantonments take records of birth, death, and marriages in their area. They also transfer immovable property, control buildings, maintain sewage, sanitation, and roads. Civic bodies are also part of governing the city and are under the government of Sindh. Civic bodies include Karachi water and sewerage Board, Karachi development authority, Lyari Development Authority, and Malir development authority.
Museums and parks are major tourist attraction sites in Karachi. Karachi is also a great entertainment Centre since it has musical performances, theatre, and cinema. Galleries and great shopping malls. Some shopping malls found in Karachi include Lucky one Mall, Dolmen Mall, Clifton, and Port Grand.